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Indian Journal of Pure & Applied Biosciences (IJPAB)
Year : 2022, Volume : 10, Issue : 2
First page : (38) Last page : (42)
Article doi: :

Influence of Slope Variation on Northern Areas on Soil Physical Properties

Shahzad Ali1*, Sami Ullah2, Hasnain Umar1, M. Usama Aslam1, Arsalan Saghir1, Sohaib Nasir4, Shahid Imran3, Samia Zain5, Rimsha Zain5
1Department of Soil and Environmental Sciences, 2Department of Forestry,
3Department of Plant Pathology, 4Department of Plant Pathology,
College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Sargodha 40100, Pakistan
5Women University, Multan 59300, Pakistan
*Corresponding Author E-mail:
Received: 15.02.2022 | Revised: 28.03.2022 | Accepted: 7.04.2022 



Many Soil physical properties like infiltration capacity, soil bulk density, and soil moisture percentage are affected by the variation in aspects. Generally greater slope angel more will be the erosion & runoff and also, more loss will occurs. But when seeks on the northern aspects and compares with medium and gentle slopes on other parts. The medium to the gentle sloppy area is facing the more and more pressure of degradation and also degraded by the overgrazing, mismanagement in the cultivation practices, faulty land uses, deforestation and stress for fuel or wood production. In many countries, zero tillage practices are organized to reduce the soil carbon losses and also a reduction in the oxidation of the Soil Organic Matter. Slope variation is very crucial for soil physical properties and also 1o (One degree) change in slope cause millions of tons of soil loss. The soil loss and runoff are not only a problem but completely change the soil texture; the production will be reduced from many mounds to a few kilograms. But in northern aspects, the large number of naturally growing trees does not only help to retain the soil physical properties but also produce the more and more fertile soil by adding organic exudates, rotten leaves and their symbiotic relationship with microorganisms produces more bulked soil. Steep slope with natural vegetation retained more moisture, organic nutrients, and stability in their physical properties and, at last, more plant production power.

Keywords: Soil organic matter, erosion, northern aspects, organic exudates, zero tillage.

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Cite this article: Ali, S., Ullah, S., Umar, H., Usama Aslam, M., Saghir, A., Nasir, S., Imran, S., Zain, S., & Zain, R. (2022). Influence of Slope variation on northern areas on soil physical properties, Ind. J. Pure App. Biosci.10(2), 38-42. doi: