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Indian Journal of Pure & Applied Biosciences (IJPAB)
Year : 2022, Volume : 10, Issue : 2
First page : (50) Last page : (56)
Article doi: :

Effects of Wastewater use on Soil Physico-chemical Properties and Human Health Status

Shahzad Ali1*, Sami Ullah2, Hasnain Umar1, Muhammad Usama Aslam1, Zarmina Aslam5, Muhammad Sohail Akram1, Hassnain Haider1, Sohaib Nasir3, Sikandar Hayat3, Rimsha Zain4
1Department of Soil and Environmental sciences, 2Department of Forestry, ³College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Sargodha 40100, Pakistan, 4Department of Chemistry, Women University, Multan Pakistan
5Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, PMAS Arid Rawalpindi, Pakistan
*Corresponding Author E-mail:
Received: 15.02.2022 | Revised: 28.03.2022 | Accepted: 7.04.2022 


Freshwater scarcity with an increasing population is a debatable scenario at the present time. Change in rainfall pattern results in agriculture production demanding more water. To be concerned with both problems, irrigation wastewater use is a compatible strategy to overcome both conditions. Wastewater composition depends upon source type (domestic or industrial) and location (area or site) where does the water evolved. Wastewater composition varied from site to site and area to area due to location differentiation. Wastewater helps the farmers to increment in total available plant macronutrients, micronutrients, and replication of microbial community in soil. But wastewater use has some cons that they cause the soil physicochemical properties affection such as soil conductivity, water retention capacity, bulk density, organic carbon ratio and pH. Now, the critical concern is an accumulation of heavy metals in the soil-plant system. In addition, wastewater contains an excessive amount of many heavy metals (zinc, nical, lead and chromium), and if they present in the soil in excessive amounts, then they cause hazards to plants, animals and human life. In this articles discussion are made about the wastewater uses in future prospects for agriculture and how they are important in sustainable agriculture. Wastewater uses have pros and cons, but groundwater levels are decreasing at an alarming rate.

Keywords: Sustainable agriculture, Soil Physico-chemical properties, Metal richness, Water retention, Hazardous.

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Cite this article: Ali, S., Ullah, S., Umar, H., Aslam, M. U., Aslam, Z., Akram, M. S., Haider, H., Nasir, S., Hayat, S., & Zain, R. (2022). Effects of Wastewater use on Soil Physico-chemical Properties and Human Health status, Ind. J. Pure App. Biosci.10(2), 50-56. doi: