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Indian Journal of Pure & Applied Biosciences (IJPAB)
Year : 2022, Volume : 10, Issue : 4
First page : (9) Last page : (13)
Article doi: :

Taxonomy and Prevalence of Hard Tick Species on Small Ruminants (Goats and Sheep) in Pakistan

Muhammad Rashid Khalid Bajwa1*, Muhammad Shafeeq1, Maria Tayyaba2, Fazl e Akbar3, Muhammad Nouman Riaz4 , Abdul Muqeet5, Hamid Hussain5, and Hafiz Muhammad Adnan Jafar6
1Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences,
University of Agriculture Faisalabad
2Department of Zoology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore Pakistan
3Department of Agricultural Chemistry and Biochemistry, The University of Agriculture Peshawar, Pakistan
4Department of Zoology, University of Sargodha, Pakistan
5Department of Entomology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad Pakistan
6Department of Entomology, Arid Agriculture, University, Rawalpindi Pakistan
*Corresponding Author E-mail:
Received: 11.05.2022 | Revised: 28.07.2022 | Accepted: 6.08.2022 


Ticks are very dangerous ectoparasites of large and small domestic and wild animals throughout the globe. Tick infestation is the most serious threat to animal health, resulting in significant economic losses in many countries. The current research work was planned to collect, and identify the tick species found on goats and sheep. Four tick species i.e. Hyalomma anatolicum, Hyalomma dromedarii, Dermacentor marginatus and Haemaphysalis punctata were identified. Prevalence rate wise data showed Hyalomma anatolicum (60.50%) followed by Hy. dromedarii (15.50%), Dermacentor marginatus (13.00%) and Haemaphysalis punctata (11.00%). Sex wise data showed that female hosts were more loaded with ticks than male, and young carried more ticks than old. Highest infestation was recorded on goats than sheep. The current study concluded that Hyalomma spp. are widely distributed and need to control them in the whole country especially study area.
Keywords: Ticks; Domestic animals; Small ruminants; Prevalence percentage; Hyalomma spp.

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Cite this article: Bajwa, M. R. K., Shafeeq, M., Tayyaba, M., e Akbar, F., Riaz, M. N., Muqeet, A., Hussain, H., & Jafar, H. M. A. (2022). Taxonomy and Prevalence of Hard Tick Species on Small Ruminants (Goats and Sheep) in Pakistan, Ind. J. Pure App. Biosci.10(4), 9-13. doi: