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Indian Journal of Pure & Applied Biosciences (IJPAB)
Year : 2022, Volume : 10, Issue : 5
First page : (1) Last page : (6)
Article doi: :

Comparative Biology of Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on Different Hosts under Laboratory Conditions in Pakistan

Muhammad Farhan1*, Faisal Maqsood1, Babar Ali2, Muhammad Waleed Mukhtar2, Muhammad Farooq2, Muhammad Adnan Asghar3 , Izhar Ul Haq4, Muhammad Amin Zahid5
1Department of Entomology, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan
2Department of Entomology, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan
3Department of Entomology, University of Poonch Rawalakot, Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan
4Department of Entomology, University of Agriculture Peshawar, Pakistan
5Pest Warning and Quality Control of Pesticides Pakpattan, Pakistan
*Corresponding Author E-mail:
Received: 17.05.2022 | Revised: 28.08.2022 | Accepted: 10.09.2022 


One of the most economically significant insect pests in world agriculture is the armyworm, Spodoptera litura Fabricius (Lepidoptera; Noctuidae). In 2019, S. litura was reared in a lab environment to study its biological parameters on different hosts. The sixth larval instar was recorded in this study. The period of 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th larval instar on cotton was 3.55±0.10, 3.59±0.09, 3.99±0.10, 4.56±0.09, 6.65±0.15, and 5.59±0.17 days, respectively. Maximum adult emergence was recorded on cabbage followed by cotton and maize. The larval length and weight were found higher on cabbage followed by cotton and maize. The pupal development was less concerning days on maize than other tested hosts. The highest mean fecundity was 2954.16 eggs per female on cabbage leaves while minimum with 987.19 eggs per female on maize leaves. The sex ratio of female to male was recorded as 1:0.7, 1:0.6, and 1:0.5, on cabbage, cotton and maize, respectively. Female was long lived than male as recorded on all tested hosts. Among all tested hosts, cabbage was recorded as the most preferable and suitable host for pest. The current study findings will provide suitable information about hosts of S. litura but suggest further studies.

Keywords: Armyworm; Spodoptera litura; Cabbage; Maize; Cotton; Preferable hosts.

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Cite this article: Farhan, M., Maqsood, F., Ali, B., Mukhtar, M.W., Farooq, M., Asghar, M. A., Ul Haq, I., & Zahid, M. A. (2022). Comparative Biology of Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on Different Hosts under Laboratory Conditions in Pakistan, Ind. J. Pure App. Biosci.10(5), 1-6. doi: