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International Journal of Pure & Applied Bioscience (IJPAB)
Year : 2016, Volume : 4, Issue : 3
First page : (172) Last page : (178)
Article doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.18782/2320-7051.2305

Bacteriological Profile of Diabetic Foot Infected Patients and their Susceptibility Pattern

P.S. Gangania1* and V.A. Singh2
1Research Fellow (Santosh Medical College & University, Delhi NCR)
2Prof & Head (MMIMSR Mullana, Ambala) India
*Corresponding Author E-mail: poojasinghgangania@gmail.com
Received: 5.06.2016  |  Revised: 17.06.2016   |  Accepted: 20.06.2016  

Background - Foot infections are very frequent in patients with diabetes and are associated with high morbidity and risk of lower extremity amputation. Diabetic foot infections may be mild, moderate, or severe. Tissue samples obtained after scraping the base of the ulcer or by wound or bone biopsy is strongly chosen to wound swabs. Surgery is the keystone of treatment for deep diabetic foot infection and ulceration after being treated with empirical therapy. Procedures range from simple incision and drainage to wide multiple surgical debridement and amputation.
Objectives - Bacterial isolation and antibiotic susceptibility pattern of patients with diabetic foot and their correlation between age, sex and their socio-economic status.
Material and methods - 62 patients with diabetic foot admitted in surgical wards were included. Pus and other relevant samples from the patient were collected. Gram staining & culture was done via conventional techniques followed by AST by Kirby Bauer disk diffusion technique.
Results - Out of total 62 patients males (41) were predominant over females (21).  Gram negative (17) were leading over gram positive (7). In gram positive organism maximum isolates were             S. aureus followed by Enterococcus and in gram negative organism’s maximum isolate was Pseudomonas Aeruginosa followed by E. coli, Proteus & Klebsiella.
Conclusion - Pseudomonas Aeruginosa and Staphyalococcus aureus were found to be equally responsible for infection followed by E. coli, Proteus, Klebsiella and Enterococcus. First line of generation, of Cephalosporins and most of the Aminoglycosides were active against gram positives whereas successive generations of cephalosporins were active against gram negatives including some penicillin drugs like Ampicillin, Amoxicillin, and Pipracillin-Tazobactum which were sensitive for both gram positive and gram negative organisms.

Keywords: Diabetic foot infection, Bacterial isolation, Bacterial characterization, Antibiotic susceptibility testing (AST).

Full Text : PDF; Journal doi : http://dx.doi.org/10.18782

Cite this article: Gangania, P.S.  and Singh, V.A.,  Bacteriological Profile of Diabetic Foot Infected Patients and their Susceptibility Pattern, Int. J. Pure App. Biosci. 4(3): 172-178 (2016). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.18782/2320-7051.2305