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International Journal of Pure & Applied Bioscience (IJPAB)
Year : 2016, Volume : 4, Issue : 4
First page : (26) Last page : (32)
Article doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.18782/2320-7051.2337

Identification of the Substance Bioactive Leaf Extract Piper caninum Potential as Botanical Pesticides

Ni Luh Suriani*
Department of Biology, Faculty of mathematics and Natural Sciences, Udayana University, Kampus Bukit Jimbaran Bali, Indonesia
*Corresponding Author E-mail: niluhsurianisuriani@yahoo.com
Received: 13.07.2016  |  Revised: 25.07.2016   |  Accepted: 30.07.2016  

Based on the preliminary test of the 37 types of plants found that the crude extract of the leaves of P. caninum able to inhibit the growth of Pyricularia oryzae fungus the cause of rice blast disease on rice in vitro on PDA with inhibition zone diameter of 44 mm, but it is not certain bioactive substances. For these conditions, this study is a follow-up study, conducted to determine the content of bioactive substances potentially as botanical pesticides. The method used is the method of column chromatography and thin layer, and GCMS. The study states that the extract of Piper caninum containing 4 secondary metabolites are alkaloids, folifenol, steroids and flavonoids and results analysis using GCMS there are 10 active compound is benzene; xylene; tetradecane; dodecanoic acid; heptadecane; hexadecanoic acid; octadecamethylocyclononasiloxane; phtalic acid; 8,11, 14-decosatrienoic acid; and 1,2-benzenedicarboxylic acid. Based on the existing references, of 10 compounds 6 compounds are: benzene; tetradecane; dodecanoic acid, hexadecanoic acid, benzenedicarboxylic acid, octadecamethylocyclononasiloxane, an active substance that serves as an antifungal and four other compounds unknown function.

Key words: Piper caninum, extracts, bioactive substances, botanical pesticides

Full Text : PDF; Journal doi : http://dx.doi.org/10.18782

Cite this article: Suriani, N.L., Identification of the Substance Bioactive Leaf Extract Piper caninum Potential as Botanical Pesticides, Int. J. Pure App. Biosci.4(4): 26-32 (2016). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.18782/2320-7051.2337