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International Journal of Pure & Applied Bioscience (IJPAB)
Year : 2016, Volume : 4, Issue : 6
First page : (114) Last page : (122)
Article doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.18782/2320-7051.2402

Artificial Diet Based Silkworm Rearing System-A Review

Phalguni Bhattacharyya1, Suchisree Jha2, Palash Mandal2 and Amitava Ghosh3*
1Department of Botany, Malda College, University of Gour Banga, Malda, 732101, West Bengal, India
2Department of Botany, University of North Bengal, Siliguri, 734013, West Bengal, India
3Department of Botany, Asutosh College, Kolkata, 700 026, West Bengal, India
*Corresponding Author E-mail: amitabhaprantik@gmail.com
Received: 10.11.2016  |  Revised: 21.11.2016   |  Accepted: 24.11.2016  

There are about 1000 varieties of silkworm, Bombyx mori L., among them bivoltine and multivoltine races are particularly used for rearing in India. Silkworm is a monophagous insect which has special significance in sericulture industry. It totally depends on the mulberry leaves at their larval stage. Mulberry leaves are a traditional food for silkworm larvae due to presence of morin. Human beings have benefited by the silkworm in various ways and scientists have been continuously trying to improve the techniques of silkworm rearing. The physiology of Bombyx mori (L.) has been studied comprehensively due to the economically valuable silk production.
Mulberry belongs to the genus Morus of the family Moraceae. Three types of mulberry are found, white (Morus alba L.), red mulberry (M. rubra) and black mulberry (M. nigra). Among them, only white mulberry is recognized as the food source for silkworm. Now a days, sericulture research developed number of supplement nutrients with mulberry leaves for silkworm rearing. There are number of foods used as an ingredient for artificial diet of silkworm. Artificial diet encourages the small landless farmers to take up sericulture and it also helps to reduce labour cost for mulberry cultivation. In this review, one attempt was made to discuss on artificial diet based silkworm rearing and different ingredients used in artificial diet preparation.

Key words: Artificial diet, silkworm, mulberry, protein, sterol.

Full Text : PDF; Journal doi : http://dx.doi.org/10.18782

Cite this article: Bhattacharyya, P., Jha, S., Mandal, P. and Ghosh, A., Artificial Diet Based Silkworm Rearing System-A Review, Int. J. Pure App. Biosci.4(6): 114-122 (2016). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.18782/2320-7051.2402