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International Journal of Pure & Applied Bioscience (IJPAB)
Year : 2016, Volume : 4, Issue : 6
First page : (9) Last page : (15)
Article doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.18782/2320-7051.2403

Prevalence of Gastrointestinal Helminthes in Clarias gariepinus and its Fishing Practices at River Rima, Sokoto Nigeria

Magami, Ibrahim Muhammad1*, Enodiana, Ignatus Osamiabe2 and Ladan, Muawiyya Umar1
1Department of Biological Sciences, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria
2Natural Resources Department, National Institute for Freshwater Fisheries Research, New Bussa, Niger State
*Corresponding Author E-mail: ibrahim.magami@udusok.edu.ng
Received: 13.11.2016  |  Revised: 24.11.2016   |  Accepted: 27.11.2016  

This study was conducted to evaluate the prevalence of gastrointestinal helminthes and fishing practices of Clarias gariepinus in River Rima, Sokoto. Samples were collected and examined weekly for 10 weeks (August to October, 2015) at Kwalkawalawa landing site along River Rima, Sokoto. Results indicates that 8.33% were infected with 2 Nematode (Procamallanus laeviconchus and Paracamallanus cyathopharynx), 1 Cestode (Monobothrium wageneri) and 1 Acanthocephalan (Neochinorhlynchus rutilli). Nematode had highest prevalence with 54.5%, while Acanthocephalan has the lowest prevalence of 9.1%. It was also observed that stomach had highest prevalence of parasitic infection of 63.6%, followed by intestine with 36.4%. The survey of fishing practices also revealed that despite the awareness of fish depletion among the fishermen, only 93% of the respondents were aware of its consequences. For the regularity of fishing 93.3% of the fishermen fish for more than 5 days in a week. On the size of fish caught 100% of the respondent have choice for the size of fish but 30% of the respondent caught fingerlings, 36.7% caught juvenile while 33.3% of the fishermen caught adult fish. On the species of fish caught, 96.7% of the respondent had choice for specific species despite that the genus Clarias gariepinus being mostly caught (100%). Fishing gear used varied among the fishermen, in which 20% used net, 16.7% used hook, while 63.3% used any fishing gear available to them. It was also observed that the Clarias gariepinus was over-exploited at River Rima which may lead to its depletion.

Key words:  Clarias gariepinus, Fishing, Respondents, Sokoto, Rima 

Full Text : PDF; Journal doi : http://dx.doi.org/10.18782

Cite this article: Magami, I.M., Enodiana, I.O. and Ladan, M.U., Prevalence of Gastrointestinal Helminthes in Clarias gariepinus and its Fishing Practices at River Rima, Sokoto Nigeria, Int. J. Pure App. Biosci. 4(6): 9-15 (2016). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.18782/2320-7051.2403