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International Journal of Pure & Applied Bioscience (IJPAB)
Year : 2017, Volume : 5, Issue : 2
First page : (215) Last page : (229)
Article doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.18782/2320-7051.2778

Sustainability Assessment of Dairy Production Systems in Uttarakhand Hills of India

Hamid Nazir1, Sheela Kharkwal2*, D. Bardhan3, S. C. Tripathi1** and Avdhesh Kumar1**
1MVSc., 1**Professors
1Department of Veterinary and Animal Husbandry Extension Education, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, G.B.P.U.A.&T., Pantnagar-263145, Uttarakhand
2PhD Scholar, Division of Dairy Economics, Statistics and Management, NDRI, Karnal 132001, India
3Senior Scientist, Division of Livestock Economics, Statistics and Information Technology,
Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar-243122, Uttar Pradesh, India
*Corresponding Author E-mail: sheela.kharkwal91@gmail.com
Received: 31.03.2017  |  Revised: 11.04.2017   |  Accepted: 12.04.2017  


The present study was undertaken on 300 milk producing households in Uttarakhand hills of India to identify specific dairy production typologies and study their respective sustainability characteristics. Farm household typologies were constructed by using two multivariate statistical techniques, viz. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Cluster Analysis (CA). Four homogenous clusters were obtained. Cluster I (28.42%) was defined as households with high stock of indigenous animals and low degree of technology adoption. Cluster II (40.75%) was defined as households with high degree of technology adoption, high indigenous animal stock with low farm family labour involvement. Cluster III (22.60%) was defined as Households with low intensity of market participation in dairying and Cluster IV (8.22%) was defined as households with high intensity of market participation, high stock of crossbred animals and high degree of technology adoption. Market oriented farms with high degree of technology adoption were the most sustainable farms on all the three dimensions, viz. economic, social and ecological. With increasing education level, size of landholding and intensity of market participation, the sustainability of dairy farms increases. On the other hand, increasing fodder grown per milch dairy animal and expenditures made on concentrate feeds had adverse effects on sustainability.

Key words: Sustainable dairy farming; multivariate typology; principal component analysis; cluster analysis

Full Text : PDF; Journal doi : http://dx.doi.org/10.18782

Cite this article: Nazir, H., Kharkwal, S., Bardhan, D., Tripathi, S.C. and Kumar, A., Sustainability Assessment of Dairy Production Systems in Uttarakhand Hills of India, Int. J. Pure App. Biosci.5(2): 215-229 (2017). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.18782/2320-7051.2778