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International Journal of Pure & Applied Bioscience (IJPAB)
Year : 2017, Volume : 5, Issue : 2
First page : (43) Last page : (55)
Article doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.18782/2320-7051.2675

Reducing Destructive Environmental Impacts of Sungun Copper Mine Effluents with using of Phytoremediation Processes

Amir Jafarpour1, Jafar Abdollahi Sharif2 and Alireza Eivazi3*
1Graduated Student of Mining Engineering, Industrial University, Urmia, Iran
2Associate Professor of Faculty Engineering of Industrial University, Urmia, Iran
3Assistant Professor of Seed and Plant Improvement Research Department, West Azerbaijan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research And Education Center, AREEO, Urmia, Iran
*Corresponding Author E-mail: j.a.sharif@urmia.ac.ir
Received: 12.03.2017  |  Revised: 25.03.2017   |  Accepted: 26.03.2017  


The effluent of Sungun copper mine concentration has destructive effects on Arasbaran forests in the north of Iran. Therefore two separately factorial experiments based on completely randomized design were carried out with different concentrations of irrigated pulp and pulpy soil of this mine effluent. Three crops including wheat, bean and corn were used as first factor in two experiments. Six levels of second factor were different concentrations of tickner pulp used at irrigated and soil experiments with 20%, 40%, 60%, 80%, 100% concentrations and 0% as control. Results showed that there were significant differences for traits of root length, root weight, aerial organs weight, stem diameter, leaf area, stem length and leaf number (p≤0.05). With in crops, aerial organs weight of bean seedlings grown in irrigated pulp (2009.7mg) was more than soil pulp (1535mg). Bean 60days seedlings according to the amount of three indices including GMP, MP and HAR were tolerant in all concentrations of irrigated and soil pulps at two experiments. Also wheat seedling was identified as the most susceptible plant. Within plants bean had the most variation percentages accumulations of lead (440%), chromium (440%) and copper (473%) and wheat with high values of cadmium (483%) and manganese (499%) also, nickel (280%) more allocated to corn. Roots had more ion accumulations than aerial organs. Therefore it was suggested that bean saw in copper mines for removing copper due to this plant had the most accumulation of copper within evaluated plants and introduced as hyper phytoremediation crop.

Key words: Bean, Corn, Effluents, Heavy metals, Mine, Wheat

Full Text : PDF; Journal doi : http://dx.doi.org/10.18782

Cite this article: Jafarpour, A., Sharif, J.A. and Eivazi, A., Reducing Destructive Environmental Impacts of Sungun Copper Mine Effluents with using of Phytoremediation Processes, Int. J. Pure App. Biosci. 5(2): 43-55 (2017). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.18782/2320-7051.2675