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International Journal of Pure & Applied Bioscience (IJPAB)
Year : 2017, Volume : 5, Issue : 3
First page : (369) Last page : (372)
Article doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.18782/2320-7051.5055

Estimation of Proximate Composition of Selected Species of Capsicum (Capsicum annuum and Capsicum chinense) Grown in India

Jyoti Sharma1*, Parul Sharma2, Bhawana Sharma1 and Pragati Chaudhary1
1Research Scholar, Department of Home Science, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur-302004, Rajasthan, India
2Assistant Professor, Department of Home Science, Banasthali University, Tonk-304022, Rajasthan, India
*Corresponding Author E-mail: jyotiveds01@gmail.com
Received: 11.06.2017  |  Revised: 18.06.2017   |  Accepted: 20.06.2017  


The study was conducted with objective to assess nutritional composition of Capsicum chinense and Capsicum annuum grown in India. Fresh fruits were collected from the surroundings of Delhi, India, during the late rainy season in the month of June- October in 2012 and identified at Indian Agriculture Research Institute (IARI), Delhi. Moisture, protein, fat, ash and crude fiber contents were determined by AOAC method (1990) while carbohydrate content was determined by difference. The moisture content was determined by hot air oven method at 105ºC. The Macro Kjeldahl method was used for the determination of protein content. The fat content was determined by using soxhlet extraction method. Ash content was determined by incineration in muffle furnace. The crude fiber was determined by Fibraplus method. Calcium was determined by AOAC method, potassium and sodium were estimated by using flame photometry method, zinc was estimated  by using atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Iron estimation was done by the Wong’s method. Results indicated no significant difference between proximate composition of Capsicum annuum and Capsicum chinense except ash, protein and fiber content. Capsicum chinense and Capsicum annuum contained 8.4% and 8.2% moisture; 29.26% and 33.17% crude fiber; 7.33% and 6.36% ash; 50% and 47.23% Carbohydrate; 5.06% and 2.1% fat; 8.2% and 11.22% protein; 0.06% and 0.08% calcium; 0.03% and 0.01% zinc; 0.03% and 0.02% sodium;  50.41% and 69.25% potassium; 0.04% and 0.07% iron respectively. As evident from results the level of potassium, crude fiber, and zinc were markedly higher in that of Capsicum annuum.
Key words: Capsicum chinense, Capsicum annuum, Fiber, Carbohydrate.

Full Text : PDF; Journal doi : http://dx.doi.org/10.18782

Cite this article: Sharma, J., Sharma, P., Sharma, B. and Chaudhary, P., Estimation of Proximate Composition of Selected Species of Capsicum (Capsicum annuum and Capsicum chinense) Grown in India, Int. J. Pure App. Biosci.5(3): 369-372 (2017). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.18782/2320-7051.5055