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International Journal of Pure & Applied Bioscience (IJPAB)
Year : 2017, Volume : 5, Issue : 6
First page : (92) Last page : (96)
Article doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.18782/2320-7051.5169

Evaluation of Onion Landraces (Allium cepa L.) of Karnataka for Yield and Quality Parameters during Kharif Season

N. Lakshmipathi*, H. Amarananjundeswara, R. Veere Gowda, M. Anjanappa and T. B. Manjunatha Reddy
Department of Vegetable Science, College of Horticulture, Kolar,
Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bengaluru
*Corresponding Author E-mail: lakshmipathihortico@gmail.com
Received: 7.07.2017  |  Revised: 18.08.2017   |  Accepted: 21.08.2017  


In the experiment twenty five genotypes of onion were evaluated for their growth, yield and quality attributes during Kharif season at College of Horticulture, Kolar, Karnataka by adopting RBD with two replications.  The growth characters appeared significant differences among the landraces evaluated. The genotype Molakalmuru Local exhibited maximum plant height (63.91cm), number of leaves (13.10) leaf length (58.23cm). The maximum leaf width was noticed in the genotype Hanumanthanahalli Local (1.80cm). While, minimum bulb neck and collar thickness was registered in Bengaluru Rose Onion (0.98cm) and Bagepalli Local (0.34cm), respectively. However, the genotype Mogalahalli Local registered maximum number of rings (9.90) and the genotype Arka Kalyan revealed minimum number of centers (1.20). the quality parameters like TSS, pungency and dry mater content was observed maximum in genotype Kumata Sweet Onion (16.35 ͦbrix), Bengaluru Rose Onion (6.34µmole./g FW) and GBD Bindhu (20.80%), respectively. But no bolting per cent was recorded in Belagavi White Onion. With respect to yield parameters, the genotype Arka Kalyan noticed maximum average bulb weight (131.0 g) and ten bulb weight (1266.00 g). Besides, higher bulb yield was documented in Arka Kalyan (33.19t/ha). The landrace Molakalmuru Local recorded maximum marketable bulb yield (31.72 t/ha). On the basis of yield and quality parameters Arka Kalyan, Molakalmuru Local, Thumbaraguddi Local and Kadur Local-RVG were found best suited for Kharif season cultivation in Eastern Dry Zone of Karnataka.

Key words: Kharif, Allium cepa, Karnataka, Yield

Full Text : PDF; Journal doi : http://dx.doi.org/10.18782

Cite this article: Lakshmipathi, N., Amarananjundeswara, H., Gowda, R.V., Anjanappa, M. and Reddy, T.B.M., Evaluation of onion landraces (Allium cepa .l) of Karnataka for yield and quality parameters during Kharif season, Int. J. Pure App. Biosci.5(6): 92-96 (2017). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.18782/2320-7051.5169