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International Journal of Pure & Applied Bioscience (IJPAB)
Year : 2017, Volume : 5, Issue : 6
First page : (1275) Last page : (1283)
Article doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.18782/2320-7051.3073

Effect of Environment on Quality Parameters of Wheat

Shabana Nadaf1* and Uppinal2 N. F.
1M.Sc. Student, Department of Plant Biochemistry, UAS, Dharwad-580005, Karanataka, India
2Associate Professor and Head, Department of Plant Biochemistry, UAS, Dharwad-580005, Karanataka, India
*Corresponding Author E-mail: shabnam.1806@gmail.com
Received: 2.06.2017  |  Revised: 30.06.2017   |  Accepted: 4.07.2017  


Present investigation was carried out to study the effect of environments on the carbohydrate profile and protein profile of grains in three cultivated wheat species viz. T. aestivum (DWR-162, Raj-4037, GW-322) T. durum (DWR-1006, MACS-2846 and NIDW-295) and T. dicoccum (DDK-1009, DDK-1029 and NP-200) grown at two locations. The selected wheat varieties were grown during rabi 2007-08 at MARS, Dharwad as well as ARS Arabhavi representing the irrigated and rain-fed ecology with distinct agro-climatic conditions of transitional and dry zones respectively significant differences within the species and between the locations for carbohydrate, starch, total sugar, crude protein, nitrogen content, soluble protein and wet gluten content were recorded. The total carbohydrate content was high in T. aestivum varieties (74.17%) at Dharwad as compared to Arabhavi location (70.47%), whereas starch content was higher (69.48%) at Arabhavi as compared to Dharwad (67.48%). Nitrogen (3.14%), crude protein (17.91%) and soluble protein (1.48%) content were high in T. dicoccum varieties at Dharwad, whereas non-reducing and total sugars were higher in T. aestivum and T. dicoccum varieties at Arabhavi as compared to Dharwad, and were low in T. durum varieties. Wet gluten content was high in T. durum (43.06%) at Arabhavi location. Looking in to genotype and environmental interaction, T. dicoccum and T.aestivum genotypes seem to be more suitable for Dharwad environmental conditions and T. durum genotype for Arabhavi environment.

Key words: Wheat varieties, Carbohydrate, Starch, Total Sugar, Protein, Nitrogen, Gluten.

Full Text : PDF; Journal doi : http://dx.doi.org/10.18782

Cite this article: Nadaf, S. and Uppinal, N.F., Effect of Environment on Quality Parameters of Wheat, Int. J. Pure App. Biosci.5(6): 1275-1283 (2017). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.18782/2320-7051.3073