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International Journal of Pure & Applied Bioscience (IJPAB)
Year : 2017, Volume : 5, Issue : 6
First page : (1304) Last page : (1311)
Article doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.18782/2320-7051.5310

Floristic Composition and Phytosociology of Weed Flora of Mulberry (Morus spp.) Gardens of Kashmir Valley

Muneesa Banday1*, Mushtaq Rasool Mir2, Rameez Raja Reshi3, Mohd.
Farooq Baqual4, Irfan Lateef Khan5 and Farheen Naqash6
1-6Temperate Sericulture Research Institute, Mirgund, Sher e Kashmir University
of Agricultural Sciences and Technology-Kashmir-190001
*Corresponding Author E-mail: 13forestry08@gmail.com
Received: 25.07.2017  |  Revised: 2.08.2017   |  Accepted: 6.08.2017  


Mulberry (Morus spp.L), the only food to silkworm (Bombyx mori L.) which is reared to produce silk, faces stiff competition with numerous weeds. These affect the plant adversely resulting in decrease in mulberry foliage both quantitatively and qualitatively. Keeping this in view, the present study was carried out to identify the weed species found throughout the year in mulberry farms of Kashmir. Various phytosociological parameters like Density, Frequency, Basal Area and Importance Value Index (IVI) were also calculated, based on the data collected in the spring season, which is the main period of silkworm rearing in Kashmir.  A total of 98 species belonging to 38 families were identified with Asteraceae being the most dominant family (16.32 %) in terms of number of species. About 49% of the weed species identified was perennials followed by annuals (45%) and biennials (6%). In terms of the phytosociological data collected, Trifolium repens and Medicago sativa dominated the scene with an IVI of 63.59 and 61.19, respectively. Keeping in view the importance of mulberry plant and severity of weed infestation in the region, appropriate measures are required to ward off the crop from these unwanted plants to improve leaf yield in the region.

Key words: Diversity, Floristic composition, Mulberry, Phyto sociology, Weed species.

Full Text : PDF; Journal doi : http://dx.doi.org/10.18782

Cite this article: Banday, M., Mir, M.R., Reshi, R. R.3, Baqual, Mohd. F., Khan, I.L. and Naqash, F., Floristic Composition and Phytosociology of Weed Flora of Mulberry (Morus spp.) Gardens of Kashmir Valley, Int. J. Pure App. Biosci.5(6): 1304-1311 (2017). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.18782/2320-7051.5310