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International Journal of Pure & Applied Bioscience (IJPAB)
Year : 2017, Volume : 5, Issue : 6
First page : (166) Last page : (171)
Article doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.18782/2320-7051.5325

Demography and Feeding Practices of ICU Patients of Government and Private Hospitals of Jorhat District, Assam

P. L. Bordoloi, M. S. Barooah and M. Gogoi*
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, College of Home Science, Assam Agricultural University,
Jorhat, Assam -785013 India
*Corresponding Author E-mail: moloyagogoi02@gmail.com
Received: 27.07.2017  |  Revised: 25.08.2017   |  Accepted: 1.09.2017  


The aim of the present study was to analyze the characteristics and feeding practices of patient admitted to medicine ICUs. All relevant clinical and dietary information were collected for patients admitted to ICUs of selected Government and private hospitals of Jorhat district, Assam. This information was abstracted with the help of pre - structured schedule from the Medical Record Department and Intensive Care Unit team and analysed.  A total of 1034 patients were admitted during the study period. Majority of the patients (49.61%) were from the age group of 60years and above. Majority incidence of diseases as a reason of admission in ICUs of both the hospitals were non- communicable diseases and patients were admitted via emergency OPD. Highest length of stay of 10-15days was observed among the majority of patient from government hospital while it was  shorter (6-10days ) for private hospital. The daily feeding pattern of each of the patients were recorded. Patients dependent on homemade blenderized  foods for nutritional support were more in Government hospital while compare to the patient using both the commercial formulae as well as homemade food till the last day of stay in private hospitals  .  Increased cost of hospitalization and better outcome of patient in terms of short stay at hospitals and better nutritional status of the patient admitted to private hospitals were not feasible for low income groups patients admitted in Government hospital .The results of the present study will help the need of formulation and development of patient specific homemade foods with its ingredients used and nutritional requirement in it are taken account  for both  oral and enteral feedings  in the hospitals with higher standard values with all demonstration on   the development of protocols for clean techniques in the preparation, safe handling and storage of handmade enteral feeds.

Key words: Intensive Care Unit; Patient demographic; Length of stay; Feeding practices.

Full Text : PDF; Journal doi : http://dx.doi.org/10.18782

Cite this article: Bordoloi, P.L., Barooah, M.S. and Gogoi, M., Demography and Feeding Practices of ICU Patients of Government and Private Hospitals of Jorhat District, Assam, Int. J. Pure App. Biosci.5(6): 166-171  (2017). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.18782/2320-7051.5325