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International Journal of Pure & Applied Bioscience (IJPAB)
Year : 2017, Volume : 5, Issue : 6
First page : (558) Last page : (565)
Article doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.18782/2320-7051.4087

An Appraisal of Conservation Agriculture on Soil Properties and Crop-A Review

Vijay Kumar1*, Mukesh Kumar1, Santosh Kumar Singh1, Raj Kumar Jat2, S. K. Chandra1
1Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University, Pusa, Samastipur, Bihar 848125, India
2Borlaug Institute for South Asia (BISA), CIMMYT, Pusa, Samastipur, Bihar 848125, India
*Corresponding Author E-mail: vkvijaymadhubani@gmail.com
Received: 17.07.2017  |  Revised: 28.08.2017   |  Accepted: 3.09.2017  


To meet the demand of food for increasing world population from limited land and water resources, a key issue in modern agriculture, could be achieved through adoption of conservation agriculture (CA). CA has the ability to achieve expected yield in the long run with the help of modification/restored of physical, chemical, and biological properties of soil.  The role of soil in the soil-plant-atmosphere continuum is unique. The crops are grown in the soil, and soil properties directly or indirectly affect the availability of water and nutrients to crops. This review of literature provides an overview of the impact of CA on soil quality with particular emphasis on key soil physical, chemical and biological properties. The review of numerous studies indicated that soil quality and yield improvements are possiblein CA although some negative results have also been reported under contrasting environments. CA is particularly relevant to the areas which have high level of soil degradation, water scarcity and low soil fertility status.

Key words: Conservation agriculture, Soil properties, Crop yield, Zero tillage, Residues retention

Full Text : PDF; Journal doi : http://dx.doi.org/10.18782

Cite this article: Kumar, V., Kumar, M., Singh, S.K., Jat, R.K., Chandra, S.K., An Appraisal of Conservation Agriculture on Soil Properties and Crop-A Review, Int. J. Pure App. Biosci.5(6): 558-565 (2017). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.18782/2320-7051.4087