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International Journal of Pure & Applied Bioscience (IJPAB)
Year : 2018, Volume : 6, Issue : 1
First page : (16) Last page : (24)
Article doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.18782/2320-7051.6202

Characteristics and Typologies of Production Units in Urban Agriculture in Area of Bobo-Dioulasso (Burkina Faso)

SENOU Issaka1*, OUEDRAOGO Jean2, Sanou D. Urbain4, NACRO H. Bismarck3 and
SOME N. Antoine1
1Laboratoire des Systèmes Naturels, des Agrosystèmes et de l’Ingénierie de l’Environnement
(Sy.N.A.I.E), Institut du Développement Rural (I.D.R), Université Nazi BONI (U.N.B)
Bobo-Dioulasso ; BP 1091, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
2Institut de l’Environnement et de Recherches Agricoles (IN.E.R.A), 04 BP, Ouagadougou 04, Burkina Faso
3Laboratoire d’étude et de recherche sur la fertilité du sol (L.E.R.F), Institut du Développement Rural (I.D.R), Université Nazi BONI (U.N.B); BP 1091, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
4Direction Régionale du Ministère de l’Agriculture et des Aménagements
Hydrauliques/ Sahel (Dori), Burkina Faso
*Corresponding Author E-mail: issakasenou@gmail.com
Received: 5.01.2018  |  Revised: 7.02.2018   |  Accepted: 10.02.2018  


The urbanization of Burkina Faso produce urban waste in large cities. Some poor urban populations use this waste as fertilizer in urban and peri-urban agriculture. Our study was conducted on sites used in urban and peri-urban agriculture in the city of Bobo-Dioulasso (Burkina Faso). The study aims to characterize the production units and define the typologies of these units. Surveys were carried out with 70 heads of production units in four sites. The data collected concerned the age of the farm manager, the size of the production unit, the level of education and training, the land status, the level of equipment, the nature of the waste. On the basis of these characteristics, the production units have been defined.
            The results indicate that the age of heads of production units is between 20 and 60 years with an average of 34 years. Only 2.80% were trained in agriculture and 9.10% are educated. 78% of production units are manual and household waste is the most used (38 to 70%). These results highlight a diversity in the production units. Thus, 5 types of production units were defined with greater representativity of type I production units; characterized by a manual production system and a planted area of ​​about 78% of their total area. The size of the fields, the age of the heads of production units, the experience and the rate of development are the factors which discriminate exploitations chiefs.

Key words: Production unit, Typologie, Surveys, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso.

Full Text : PDF; Journal doi : http://dx.doi.org/10.18782

Cite this article: Issaka, S., Jean, O., Urbain, S.D., Bismarck, N.H. and Antoine, S.N., Characteristics and typologies of production units in urban agriculture in area of Bobo-Dioulasso (Burkina Faso), Int. J. Pure App. Biosci.6(1): 16-24 (2018). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.18782/2320-7051.6202