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International Journal of Pure & Applied Bioscience (IJPAB)
Year : 2018, Volume : 6, Issue : 1
First page : (514) Last page : (522)
Article doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.18782/2320-7051.5999

A Study on Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients Using Regression Model and Survival Analysis Techniques

Ahammad Basha Shaik*, S. C. Thasleema, Ramachandra Nakkala and Venkataramanaiah M.
Department of Statistics, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh-517 502
*Corresponding Author E-mail: ahammadbasha@gmail.com
Received: 16.11.2017  |  Revised: 21.12.2017   |  Accepted: 24.12.2017  


Now a day, Non-Communicable Diseases are chronic diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus and cancer are increasing worldwide and they are associated with poor quality of life and increased economical burden. Among them, diabetes is a Non-Communicable Disease and is a serious chronic disease. The main objective of this paper is to study the Characteristics of diabetes mellitus patients at diagnosis level, to estimate the survival time of patients and to identify the prognostic factors for diabetes mellitus patient’s data. 174 diabetes mellitus patients were collected during the period of February 2016 to April 2016. The Kaplan-Meier analysis was shown that the age group, Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP), family history of diabetes, Diabetic Retinopathy (DR), Diabetic Neuropathy (DN) and Fasting Blood Sugar (FBS) were shown significant difference in the survival curves except for sex, Body Mass Index (BMI) (kg/m2), Total Cholesterol (TC) (mg/dl) and Triglyceride (TGL) (mg/dl). Cox Proportional Hazard (PH) regression analysis was shown that diabetes mellitus patients who had age group more than 60 years (HR = 2.732, 95% CI: 1.449-5.152, P = 0.002) and diabetic retinopathy (HR = 25.611, 95% CI: 6.248 – 104.983) were identified as significant risk factors. Life time of diabetes mellitus patients can be increased through early detection of risk factors, diagnosis and treatment and maintaining of healthy body weight, by taking healthy diet along with regular physical activity and also by avoiding the tobacco and alcohol use can reduce the morbidity, mortality and improve the quality of life.

Key words: Chronic diseases, Diabetes mellitus, Survival analysis, Cox regression model

Full Text : PDF; Journal doi : http://dx.doi.org/10.18782

Cite this article: Shaik, A.B., Thasleema, S.C., Nakkala, R. and Venkataramanaiah, M., A Study on Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients Using Regression Model and Survival Analysis Techniques, Int. J. Pure App. Biosci.6(1): 514-522 (2018). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.18782/2320-7051.5999