Home >> Archives

International Journal of Pure & Applied Bioscience (IJPAB)
Year : 2018, Volume : 6, Issue : 2
First page : (1022) Last page : (1031)
Article doi: : http://dx.doi.org/10.18782/2320-7051.6498

Exploring the Association between Energy Dense Food Consumption, Physical Activity, and Sleep Duration and BMI in Adolescents

Yasmeen Nazia1* and Tanveer Fatima2

1Student of M.Sc Nutrition and Dietetics, 2Assistant Professor,
Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Anwar Ul Uloom, PG College,
Affiliated to Osmania University, Hyderabad, India
*Corresponding Author E-mail: ynazia7@gmail.com
Received: 18.03.2018  |  Revised: 12.04.2018   |  Accepted: 17.04.2018  



Adolescence is a period of development where factors like pubertal circadian shift, early school start times, social pressures and the prevalence of technological devices lead to decrease in the amount of sleep on school nights. One possible consequence of reduced duration of sleep is an increased risk of weight gain. BMI also increases with less physical activity and unhealthy eating habits or eating energy dense food. Adolescents in the world are becoming less physically active and are increasingly adopting a sedentary lifestyle in front of computers and television screens. Against the above background, a study was conducted of the associations between eating energy dense food consumption, physical activity, sleep duration and overweight/obesity in a sample of Indians 12 to 19 years old adolescents. The aim of this study was to explore the associations between sleep duration, physical activity, eating habits and overweight/obesity in adolescents. Dietary intake was measured by food frequency questionnaire; body mass index was calculated according to IOTF. Boys were found to be more physically active and high percentage of normal BMI when compared to girls. Among 200 adolescents 124 were of normal weight (5th percentile), 30 overweight (23 kg/m2) 85th percentile, 3 obese (28 kg/m2) 95th percentile, 2 were grade 1 obese (>95th percentile, 35 kg/m2). Statistical significance was observed between physical activity, junk food, BMI, intake of beverages at p<0.05

Key words: Body mass index, Physical activity, Sleep duration, Overweight, Obesity.

Full Text : PDF; Journal doi : http://dx.doi.org/10.18782

Cite this article: Nazia, Y. and Fatima, T., Exploring the Association between Energy Dense Food Consumption, Physical Activity, and Sleep Duration and BMI in Adolescents, Int. J. Pure App. Biosci.6(2): 1022-1031 (2018). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.18782/2320-7051.6498

Untitled Document