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International Journal of Pure & Applied Bioscience (IJPAB)
Year : 2018, Volume : 6, Issue : 2
First page : (465) Last page : (470)
Article doi: : http://dx.doi.org/10.18782/2320-7051.6356

Hazard Analysis of Poultry Dressing Unit Effluent

C. Lalsangzuala, V. V. Deshmukh*, N. C. Dudhe and P. V. Yeotikar
Department of Veterinary Public Health and Epidemiology, College of Veterinary and animal Sciences, Parbhani, Maharashtra, India-431 402
*Corresponding Author E-mail: vivekdes@gmail.com
Received: 16.03.2018  |  Revised: 18.04.2018   |  Accepted: 23.04.2018  


The present study was planned with the objectives to study physical and chemical characters, microbial analysis poultry dressing unit effluent. A total of six (6) poultry dressing units were selected from Parbhani city for sample collection on weekly basis for a period of eight (8) weeks. Physical characters studied were colour, odour, total solids (TS), turbidity and hardness, pH, BOD and COD as chemical characters of effluent water. Microbial analysis was done in relation to MPN for coliform, Staphylococcus sp. and Clostridium sp. screening of the samples. It was observed that 50.00% of effluent water showed red colour and 93.75% samples were positive for offensive odour.  A significant (P< 0.05) difference in total solids (TS), turbidity, hardness, pH, BOD and COD were observed among poultry dressing. The mean total solids (TS) of effluent water observed was 3241.67 18.00 mg/L and mean turbidity value was 159.420.68 NTU. The hardness and pH values of effluent differs significantly (P< 0.05) amongst poultry dressing units with 533.85 4.50 mg/L of hardness and pH of 7.08 0.04 was observed. The mean BOD and COD values were 152.530.46 mg/L and 251.25 2.35 mg/L respectively. The MPN for coliform observed before alum treatment were ranged from 1100 to >2400 MPN per 100 ml and all 48 samples (100.00%) screened resulted into showing presence of Staphylococcus and Clostridium sp. colonies. Evaluation of poultry dressing unit effluent water as compared to IFC standards in relation to pH, BOD, COD and total coliform bacteria revealed that the effluent showed values of some parameters within limits of guideline values except BOD, COD and total coliform bacterial count. The results concluded that the physical and chemical characters of poultry dressing unit effluent differ significantly (P< 0.05) amongst poultry dressing units.

Key words: effluent, colour, odour, total tolids, turbidity, hardness, pH, BOD, COD, MPN, Staphylococcus, Clostridium.

Full Text : PDF; Journal doi : http://dx.doi.org/10.18782

Cite this article: Lalsangzuala, C., Deshmukh, V.V., Dudhe, N.C. and Yeotikar, P.V., Hazard Analysis of Poultry Dressing Unit Effluent, Int. J. Pure App. Biosci.6(2): 465-470 (2018). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.18782/2320-7051.6356

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