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International Journal of Pure & Applied Bioscience (IJPAB)
Year : 2018, Volume : 6, Issue : 3
First page : (109) Last page : (113)
Article doi: :

Crop and Livestock Diversification Uttar Pradesh

Amita Maurya1*, V. Kamalvanshi2, C. Sen3 and P. S. Badal3
Research scholar1, Asstt Prof.2, Professor3
Department of Agricultural Economics, Institute of Agricultural Science, Banaras Hindu University,
Varanasi-221 005, Uttar Pradesh
*Corresponding Author E-mail:
Received: 12.01.2018 | Revised: 20.02.2018 | Accepted: 26.02.2018



Crop Diversification is very important aspect to ensure food security as it increases food availability due to cultivation of different crops in the same area.. Diversification of livestock is also an important component for achieving sustainable livelihood security. Shift in livestock pattern from low productive breeds to high productive breeds is necessary, especially in Uttar Pradesh, which is severely affected by inadequate rainfall, extreme temperature etc. In such situation, livestock contribute a significant source of supplementary income and family nutrition to poor rural people. In present study crop and livestock diversification has been calculated for all the district of Uttar Pradesh by usinf simpson index. For the study secondary and cross sectional data has been used. Overall diversification crop index was very high in 15 districts and 60 districts were under high crop diversification index. It has been observed that proportionate area was high majorly in wheat and rice crop. In case of livestock 70 districts have been observed under high level of livestock diversification ,only one district i.e. Chitrakoot was found under moderate level of diversification index and no one district had low level of livestock diversification index. The main livestock breed were cow, buffalo, sheep, goat, pig and poultry which were reared by farmers. The creation of basic technological and infrastructural facilities like sustained supply of irrigation water, fertilizer availability, proper roads and transportation is an essential prerequisite for creating enabling conditions for fostering the process of agricultural development and crop diversification as most of these parameters are found to influence the nature and extent of crop, so appropriate policies should be focussed more on technological and infrastructural facilities.

Key words: Crop diversification, Livestock diversification Uttar Pradesh

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Cite this article: Maurya, A., Kamalvanshi, V., Sen, C. and Badal, P.S., Crop and Livestock Diversification Uttar Pradesh, Int. J. Pure App. Biosci.6(3): 109-113 (2018). doi: