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International Journal of Pure & Applied Bioscience (IJPAB)
Year : 2018, Volume : 6, Issue : 3
First page : (114) Last page : (122)
Article doi: :

Seed Storability and Quality of Oil Seed Crops during Storage: A Review

Meena, M. K.1* and   Chetti ,  M. B.2   and Nawalagatti, C. M.3
*1Assistant Professor, Department of Crop Physiology, University of Agricultural Sciences, Raichur-584104
2Assistant Director General (HRD), ICAR,Pusa Campus,New Delhi-110012
3Professor, Dept. of Crop Physiology, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad-580 005
*Corresponding Author E-mail:
Received: 18.03.2017 | Revised: 30.04.2017 | Accepted: 7.05.2017  



The option of a packaging material for any agricultural produce differs with the type of markets in which the products are distributed. In developing countries, this choice is largely determined by the cost and availability of packaging materials. Seed storage is an integral part of seed production programme. Seeds of many field crops are produced with greater care and cost. Hence, a good storage is essential to keep them alive and vigorous until required for subsequent sowing season. Seed is said to be in storage in various stages from harvest to sowing. Seed storability and quality is affected during pre and post harvest periods. The seed of various crops reaches their maximum potential for germination and vigour at physiological maturity. The germination potential (viability) is very short lived in oil seeds crops as compared to other agricultural crops and is often reduced prior to planting time. This loss of germination is much more acute under tropical conditions like India. These environmental conditions make very difficult to maintain oil seeds crops viability during storage. Such deteriorated seed is one of the basic reasons for low productivity in all the oil seeds crops cultivated in developing country like India. Further, the oil seeds crops are highly susceptible to mechanical injury and damage occurring during post harvest handling, which affect the viability and vigour of oil seeds crops during storage. Besides these, large number of pathogens is also associated with oil seeds crops which lead to the reduction in germination and storability of the seed. However, the seed quality and viability during storage depend upon the initial quality of seed and the manner in which these are   stored. The rapid seed deterioration of oil seeds crops are thought to be due to lipid peroxidation, subsequently resulting in loss of seed viability. The research on these aspects of oil seeds crops seed deterioration during storage has been reviewed in this article.

Key words: Oil seeds, Seed quality, Seed storability and Storage containers

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Cite this article: Meena, M.K. and   Chetti, M.B. and Nawalagatti, C.M., Seed Storability and Quality of oil Seed Crops during Storage: A Review, Int. J. Pure App. Biosci.6(3): 114-122 (2018). doi: