INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PURE & APPLIED BIOSCIENCE

ISSN : 2320-7051

  • No. 772, Basant Vihar, Kota

    Rajasthan-324009 India

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International Journal of Pure & Applied Bioscience (IJPAB)
Year : 2018, Volume : 6, Issue : 3
First page : (575) Last page : (586)
Article doi: : http://dx.doi.org/10.18782/2320-6681

Vegetative Methods of Plant Propagation: II- Grafting Cutting Layering and Budding in Mango

Deependra Yadav*, A. K. Pal and S. P. Singh

Department of Horticulture, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras Hindu University,
Varanasi-221005, Uttar Pradesh, India
*Corresponding Author E-mail: hortsuren@gmail.com
Received: 2.05.2018 | Revised: 11.06.2018   | Accepted: 19.06.2018  

 

 ABSTRACT

Mango plants are propagated by sexual and asexual methods. The asexually propagated mango plants produce true-to-type (clones) of the parent plant, in addition to uniform yield, fruit size and quality. The   fruit size and quality of asexually propagated mango is superior to those of seedlings. These mango trees have short juvenile period and have less vigorous growth habit compared to the seedling trees, making treatment and harvesting easier.
The asexual methods of mango propagation are of four types, namely, Grafting, Cutting, Layering and Budding; the grafting techniques being the most suitable method of vegetative propagation of mango. The veneer grafting technique is being used with high success rate in Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar while the stone or epicotyl grafting is suitable for the Konkan region of Maharashtra and the coastal regions.
Presently the softwood grafting is being used commercially for the mango propagation in several parts of South India. The wedge grafting is the easiest grafting method of mango propagation to perform with a 90-100% success rate. This technique is adopted mainly for rejuvenation of the old orchards by top working the trees. Veneer grafting and soft-wood grafting techniques can be used for large scale multiplication of mango in north India. In this communication we present a detailed review on different grafting methods of mango propagation.

Key words: Asexual/Vegetative plant propagation, propagation of fruit plants, cutting, layering, budding

Full Text : PDF; Journal doi : http://dx.doi.org/10.18782

Cite this article: Yadav, D., Pal, A.K. and Singh, S.P., Vegetative Methods of Plant Propagation: II- Grafting Cutting Layering and Budding in Mango, Int. J. Pure App. Biosci.6(3): 575-586 (2018). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.18782/2320-7051.6681

 




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