INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PURE & APPLIED BIOSCIENCE
ISSN : 2320-7051
International Journal of Pure & Applied Bioscience (IJPAB)
Year : 2018, Volume : 6, Issue : 4
First page : (291) Last page : (295)
Article doi: : http://dx.doi.org/10.18782/2320-6786
Formulation of Millets Incorporated Non-Vegetarian Foods and Study of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load
Varsha Unnikrishnan, R. Chithra* and S. Sujitha
Dept. of Nutrition & Dietetics, PSG College of Arts & Science, Coimbatore-641 014, India
*Corresponding Author E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Received: 11.07.2018 | Revised: 17.08.2018 | Accepted: 25.08.2018
Fibre and protein rich, low carbohydrate foods are recommended for better glycemic control in diabetics. Food items viz., 1) Finger millet (Eleusine coracana)-egg dosa, 2) Finger millet-fish dumplings, 3) Little millet (Panicum sumatrense)-fish fried rice, 4) Mixed Millets [(finger millet, little millet, Pearl millet/bajra (Pennisetum glaucum) & barnyard millet (Setaria italica)] bread-chicken sandwich and 5) Pearl millet-minced meat stuffed roti, were standardised, evaluated organoleptically and nutritive value of the food items was studied. The glycemic index of the selected test food item viz., mixed millets bread-chicken sandwich was determined. All the food items recorded satisfactory scores with respect to all the criteria except finger millet-fish dumplings. The energy and protein content of the foods ranged from 257 to 370kcal and 9 – 20g respectively. Mixed Millets bread-chicken sandwich topped the list due to the highest content of fat and protein than the other formulated food items. The calcium content of finger millet-egg dosa and finger millet-fish dumpling were higher than the others as finger millet is the richest source of calcium among millets. Other nutrients did not register any remarkable difference among the foods. The test food (mixed millets bread-chicken sandwich) recorded Glycemic Index of 54.69 (low GI) and glycemic load (GL) of 18.6 (medium GL). Incorporation of fibre rich millets and protein rich and carbohydrate-free non-vegetarian foods (lean cuts) can remarkably reduce the Glycemic Index (GI) of foods simultaneously increasing the nutritive value.
Key words: Glycemic Index, Glycemic Load, Millets, Diabetes, Non-vegetarian foods.
Full Text : PDF; Journal doi : http://dx.doi.org/10.18782
Cite this article: Unnikrishnan, V., Chithra, R. and Sujitha, S., Formulation of Millets Incorporated Non-Vegetarian Foods and Study of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load, Int. J. Pure App. Biosci.6(4): 291-295 (2018). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.18782/2320-7051.6786