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International Journal of Pure & Applied Bioscience (IJPAB)
Year : 2018, Volume : 6, Issue : 6
First page : (945) Last page : (951)
Article doi: :

Impact of Water Quality on Agriculture – A Case Study of Bhima River, Karnataka, India

Shweta Byahatti1* and R. S. Poddar2

1University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad-580 005, Karnataka, India
2Professor (Agricultural Economics) and Head, Project Planning and Monitoring Cell,
University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad-580 005, Karnataka, India
*Corresponding Author E-mail:
Received: 3.03.2018  |  Revised: 10.04.2018   |  Accepted: 17.04.2018  



A growing world population, unrelenting urbanization and increasing developmental activities have accelerated the demand for water. While the global water supply is fixed, the multisectoral demand for water has been growing over the years. Various water sources across globe like rivers, ponds, lakes and streams and wells are polluted due to anthropogenic factors. Poor quality of water adversely affects agriculture production, livestock and human health which, in turn, negatively affect agrarian economy. Health of Indian river is severely affected due to pollution from different sources and in some cases rivers have lost their genuine natural characteristics.The present study was conducted in Indi taluk of Bijapur district in Karnataka, with an objective to analyze the economic impact of river water quality on agriculture. The results revealed that river water is not suitable for irrigation in the study seasons. Decomposition model showed that in sugarcane crop the contribution of water pollution towards yield difference was 0.88 per cent. Average yield difference between polluted and non polluted villages was 3.43 tonnes/ha of worth Rs.6177.6. Average per annum veterinary expenses by the household was Rs.1710, in polluted villages which was more by 34.33 per cent compared to that in non polluted village. Hence, Government should initiate urgent effective measures to control or regulate pollution and organize awareness programmes regarding health risks by use of polluted water.

Key words: Agriculture, Livestock, Pollution, Water quality, Health

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Cite this article: Byahatti, S. and Poddar, R.S., Impact of Water Quality on Agriculture – A Case Study of Bhima River, Karnataka, India, Int. J. Pure App. Biosci.6(6): 945-951 (2018). doi: