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International Journal of Pure & Applied Bioscience (IJPAB)
Year : 2019, Volume : 7, Issue : 1
First page : (135) Last page : (139)
Article doi: :

Food and Nutrient Intake of Women along Rural, Periurban and Urban Areas of North Bengaluru

Deepa, S. Patil1* and Vijaylakshmi, D.2

1, Ph.D. Scholar, 2Professor,
Department Food Science and Nutrition, GKVK, UAS Bangalore
*Corresponding Author E-mail:
Received: 7.12.2018  |  Revised: 12.01.2019   |  Accepted: 23.01.2019  



Rural-urban migrants experience the environmental changes associated with urbanization very rapidly, as diet is an important risk factor for both obesity and diabetes, understanding the changes in dietary intake. The study was undertaken to assess the food and nutrient intake of women along rural, periurban and urban areas of north Bengaluru. 100 households were randomly selected from each study area. Semi-structured questionnaire was developed to elicit information on meal pattern, food habit and dietary intake. 24-hour recall method was used to assess nutrient intake of women. Results revealed that 96, 92 and 75 per cent of the respondents were non vegetarians in rural, periurban and urban respectively. Four, 8 and 25 per cent were found to be vegetarians in rural, periurban and urban respectively. Majority of the respondents consumed three meals per day among study areas. The mean intake of energy was found high (2165 kcal) followed by periurban (1975 kcal) and rural (1731 kcal), Similar pattern observed for protein, fat and iron intake. Fat intake is high in urban (324%) followed by periurban (261%) and rural (202%) adequacy exceeds from the requirement. Except for calcium intake, other nutrient intake showed a statistically significant difference among women. Non vegetarians were more compared to vegetarians among the three study areas and had practices three meals per day. Nutrients intake was adequate among urban women compared to periurban and rural.

Key words: Rural, Periurban, Urban, Women, Nutrient adequacy

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Cite this article: Patil, D.S. and Vijaylakshmi, D., Food and Nutrient Intake of Women along Rural, Periurban and Urban Areas of North Bengaluru, Int. J. Pure App. Biosci.7(1): 135-139 (2019). doi: