INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PURE & APPLIED BIOSCIENCE
ISSN : 2320-7051
International Journal of Pure & Applied Bioscience (IJPAB)
Year : 2019, Volume : 7, Issue : 2
First page : (79) Last page : (85)
Article doi: : http://dx.doi.org/10.18782/2320-7051.7337
Influence of Custard Apple (Annona squamosa L.) Based Agri-Horticulture System on Intercrop Yield and Soil Properties
Adiveppa Mallappa Asangi1*, Krishna Murthy, R.2, Chamegowda, T. C.3, Sathish, A.2, Thimmegowda, M. N.4 and Devakumar, A. S.5
1Ph.D. Scholar, 2Associate Professor, 3Professor, Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry,
4Agronomist, AICRP on Dryland Agriculture,
5Professor, Department of Forestry and Environmental Science
University of agricultural sciences, GKVK, Bangalore (560065), Karnataka, India
*Corresponding Author E-mail: email@example.com
Received: 15.02.2019 | Revised: 18.03.2019 | Accepted: 23.03.2019
An experiment was conducted at All India Co-ordinated Research Project for Dryland Agriculture, Gandhi Krishi Vignana Kendra, Bangalore to assess the effect of custard apple (CA) based Agri-Horticulture system on yield of different crops and soil properties during kharif 2017. The experiment consisted of 15 treatments viz., T1:CA+finger millet, T2:CA+fodder maize, T3:CA+field bean, T4:CA+niger, T5:CA+chilli, T6:CA+cowpea, T7:CA+foxtail millet, T8: Finger millet alone, T9: Fodder maize alone, T10: Field bean alone, T11: Niger alone, T12:Chilli alone, T13: Cowpea alone, T14: Foxtail millet alone and T15: Custard apple alone, replicated thrice using randomised block design.
The results revealed that all crops recorded higher yield in sole treatments compared to their respective intercropping systems. The yield of CA was higher under sole treatment (4477.34 kg ha-1) and lower yields in CA+fodder maize treatment (3800.83 kg ha-1). The custard apple equivalent yield (CEY) was found higher in CA+finger millet treatment (807.14 kg ha-1) followed by CA+chilli treatment (715.01 kg ha-1) and lowest was observed under CA+foxtail millet (132.51 kg ha-1) treatment. Soil available nutrients like nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium were recorder higher under CA+cowpea (262.50, 80.91 and 176.22kg ha-1, respectively) treatment followed by CA+field bean (258.95, 78.70, 171.39kg ha-1, respectively). The lowest available nutrients were recorded under fodder maize alone treatment.
Key words: Custard apple, Intercropping, Equivalent yield, Organic carbon and Available nutrients.
Full Text : PDF; Journal doi : http://dx.doi.org/10.18782
Cite this article: Asangi, A.M., Krishna Murthy, R., Chamegowda, T.C., Sathish, A., Thimmegowda, M. N. and Devakumar, A.S., Influence of Custard Apple (Annona squamosa L.) Based Agri-Horticulture Systemon Intercrop Yield and Soil Properties, Int. J. Pure App. Biosci.7(2): 79-85 (2019). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.18782/2320-7051.7337