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International Journal of Pure & Applied Bioscience (IJPAB)
Year : 2019, Volume : 7, Issue : 2
First page : (131) Last page : (139)
Article doi: :

Application of Nanotechnology in Agriculture

Ambily Elizabath*, Midhun Babychan1, Annie Merly Mathew2 and Golda Maria Syriac3

RME, Sightsavers India
1Asst. Prof. Plant Pathology, RARS Ambalavayal
2Agricultural Officer, Parasite Breeding Station, Kottayam
3Asst. Prof. Horticulture, ARS Mannuthy
*Corresponding Author E-mail:
Received: 18.05.2018 | Revised: 25.06.2018 | Accepted: 3.07.2018  



Nanotechnology opens a large scope of novel application in the fields of biotechnology and agricultural industries, because nanoparticles (NPs) have unique physicochemical properties, i.e., high surface area, high reactivity, tunable pore size, and particle morphology. Nanoparticles can serve as “magic bullets”, containing herbicides, nano-pesticide fertilizers, or genes, which target specific cellular organelles in plant to release their content. Despite the plenty of information available on the toxicity of nanoparticles to plant system, few studies have been conducted on mechanisms, by which nanoparticles exert their effect on plant growth and development. Therefore, the present review highlights the key role of nanoparticles in plants. Moreover, nanoscience contributes new ideas leading us to understand the suitable mode of action of nanoparticles in plants. The appropriate elucidation of physiological, biochemical and molecular mechanism of nanoparticles in plant leads to better plant growth and development.

Key words: Nanotechnology, Agriculture, Benefits, Crop improvement, Nanoparticles, Nano Pesticide, Nanofertilizer, Bio-scale carrier, Bio sensors.

Full Text : PDF; Journal doi :

Cite this article: Elizabath, A., Babychan, M., Mathew, A.M. and Syriac, G.M., Application of Nanotechnology in Agriculture, Int. J. Pure App. Biosci. 7(2): 131-139 (2019). doi: