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International Journal of Pure & Applied Bioscience (IJPAB)
Year : 2019, Volume : 7, Issue : 2
First page : (327) Last page : (334)
Article doi: :

Diversity, Characterization and Nutritional Status of Wild Edible and Medicinal Mushrooms of Sikkim

Lhanjey P. Wangdi*

Deptartment of Botany, Sikkim Government College, Tadong
(Renamed: NBBDC, Tadong) Gangtok, Sikkim-737102
*Corresponding Author E-mail:
Received: 5.03.2019 | Revised: 10.04.2019 | Accepted: 17.04.2019  



Wild edible mushroom species are used since ancient time for their unique taste and extraordinary health enhancing bioactive compounds. Mushrooms are also a class of superfoods created from the actual fruiting body as well as the mycelium biomass. With the aim to study the diversity, nutritional content and identification of some wild edible mushrooms of Sikkim, the fungal cultures were isolatedfrom the tissue taken from their basidiocarps, using moist chamber method. On the basis of available literature the fungi were identified by matching their characteristics like external morphology and anatomical features. Eleven different species of wild edible mushrooms namely; Laetiporus sulphurous, Polyporus guianensis, Pseudohydnum gelatinosum, Grifola frondosa, Pholiota nameko, Morchella crasspes, Auriculariacornea, Lentinula edodes, Pholiota sp., Schizophyllum commune and Trametes sanguinea were selected for detailed study. The nutritional contents of the mushrooms were analysed in terms of moisture, protein and carbohydrate (sugar) contents. The present study describes the existing situation of the wild mushrooms of Sikkim and putting emphasis on ecological effects of harvest. The results could be a valuable documentation for scientific community in domestication or cultivation of wild mushroom for nutritional and medicinal purpose.

Key words: Sikkim, Wild edible mushroom, Fungal diversity, Nutritional content, Medicinal mushroom.

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Cite this article: Wangdi, L.P., Diversity, Characterization and Nutritional Status of Wild Edible and Medicinal Mushrooms of Sikkim, Int. J. Pure App. Biosci.7(2): 327-334 (2019). doi: