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International Journal of Pure & Applied Bioscience (IJPAB)
Year : 2019, Volume : 7, Issue : 2
First page : (403) Last page : (407)
Article doi: :

Factors Affecting Conception Rate in Dangi Cattle

V. V. Potdar*, Y. S. Gaundare, J. R. Khadse, Sachin Joshi, Marimuthu Swaminathan,
A. B. Pande and N. L. Phadke

Central Research Station, BAIF Development Research Foundation
*Corresponding Author E-mail:
Received: 14.03.2019  |  Revised: 12.04.2019   |  Accepted: 17.04.2019  




The objective of this study was to study the factors affecting the conception rate in small scale dairy farms after artificial insemination (AI) in rural areas of Maharashtra state in dangi cattle. Dangi cattle is well known for its hardy nature and its ability to work hard under heavy rainfall conditions. The study was carried out during the period from June 2010 to May 2015 in Nashik & Jalgaon regions of Maharashtra. In total, 3093 dangi cattle in good health were inseminated by centre in charge at different cattle development centres of BAIF at door step of farmer as the AI protocol. Pregnancy diagnosis was done per rectal palpation after 60 to 90 days. Least Square mean for overall conception rate was 48.09 ± 6.51 percent. All intrinsic factors namely parity, AI sequence number, body condition, AI year and AI season has a significant effect on conception rate while heat stage and economic condition was not having any significant effect.  Heifers were having lower conception rate 42.48 ± 3.06 percent than cattle in first parity 50.87 ± 3.10 percent, second parity 50.39 ± 3.18 percent, third parity 46.09 ± 3.37 percent, fourth parity 49.41± 3.75 percent & fifth parity 49.31 ± 3.69 percent. Higher conception rate in first AI 55.95 ± 2.32 percent than second 50.08 ± 3.07 percent and third AI 38.24 ± 4.45 percent. The highest conception rate was observed in winter season 51.57 ± 2.87 percent while the lowest conception rate was observed in summer 44.59 ± 3.00 percent. Animals with no visible ribs were having lowest conception rate 41.54 ± 3.05 percent while highest conception rate was observed in animals with percent one rib exposed 53.26 ± 3.29. In year wise study lowest conception rate 38.82 ± 3.84 percent was observed in year 2010 while highest conception rate 55.60 ± 3.29 percent was observed in year 2012. In heat stage wise study highest conception rate was observed in early heat stage 50.07 ± 3.09 while in mid heat stage it was 47.48 ± 1.92 and lowest was in late heat stage 46.73 ± 5.84. In economic status wise conception rate show higher conception rate in APL – (Above Poverty Line) 49.62 ± 2.75 percentage while in BPL (Below Poverty Line) it was 46.56 ± 2.86.

Key words: Artificial Insemination, Conception, Cattle development centre, Parity

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Cite this article: Potdar, V.V., Gaundare, Y.S., Khadse, J.R., Joshi, S., Swaminathan, M., Pande, A.B. and Phadke, N.L., Factors Affecting Conception Rate in Dangi Cattle, Int. J. Pure App. Biosci.7(2): 403-407 (2019). doi: