INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PURE & APPLIED BIOSCIENCE

ISSN : 2320-7051

  • No. 772, Basant Vihar, Kota

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International Journal of Pure & Applied Bioscience (IJPAB)
Year : 2019, Volume : 7, Issue : 3
First page : (52) Last page : (57)
Article doi: : http://dx.doi.org/10.18782/2320-7051.7504

Study of the Yield and Quality Characters of Different Onion Varieties for Crop Improvement Purposes

Santosh Kasera1, Mukesh Kumar Meena2, Mahendra Jadia3*, S. S. Basediya4

1Department of Horticulture, RVSKVV, Gwalior, India
2Rural Horticulture Extension Officer, Department of Horticulture and Food Processing, Sheopur, India
3Research Scholar, MGCGVV, Chitrakoot, Satna, India
4Department of Soil and Water Engineering, JNKVV, Jabalpur, India
*Corresponding Author E-mail: mahendrajadia89@gmail.com
Received: 2.05.2019  |  Revised: 5.06.2019   |  Accepted: 11.06.2019  

 

 ABSTRACT

The Research Farm of Department of Horticulture, College of Agriculture, Rajmata Vijayaraje Scindia Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Indore, (M.P.). The bulb and green top ratio percentage was significantly influenced by various genotypes. The significantly maximum bulb and green top ratio were recorded in genotypes Agrifound white and Mahasuper red and which were at par with each other. While, the lowest bulb and green top ratio was recorded in the Bhima Shakti. The Bhima shakti was noted early matureing genotype and recorded significantly minimum 203.0 day for mature followed by Bhima raj (204.67 days) and Akshda mahasuper (205.33 days). However, the genotype Agrifound white was required maximum (210.0) days for maturity. It is obvious from the data that the leaf area per plant was significantly influenced by the different genotypes of onion. Agrifound white was observed highest leaf area per plant which was followed by Mahasuper red and N-2-4-1 at 30, 60, 90 and 120DAT and which were at par with each other at 60, 90 and 120 DAT. The lowest leaf area per plant was recorded in Bhima shakti for the same. The leaf area index was significantly influence due to various onion genotypes. The Agrifound white was observed maximum leaf area index which was followed by Mahasuper red and N-2-4-1 at 30, 60, 90 and 120 DAT, and which were at par with each other at 60, 90 and 120 DAT. Whereas, the leaf area index was observed lowest in Bhima  shakti at 30, 60, 90 and 120 DAT. The data clearly showed that there was non-significant difference amongst the genotypes at 120 DAT stages of observations. The NAR in general decreased at 90 DAT in all the genotypes. The significantly maximum net assimilation rate was observed under the genotype Agrifound white followed by Mahasuper red, N-2-4-1 and Bhima sweta at 60 and 90 DAT. The lowest NAR was recorded in Bhima shakti at 60 and 90 DAT. The highest NAR was found in Agrifound white and the lowest was observed in genotype Bhima shakti at 120 DAT. NAR declined as the crop advanced at 30-60 DAT and LAI increase at 60 DAT in comparison to 30 DAT.

Key words: Onion, Vegetable crop, Thiamine, Riboflavin, Niacin and ascorbic acid

Full Text : PDF; Journal doi : http://dx.doi.org/10.18782

Cite this article: Kasera, S., Meena, M.K., Jadia, M., Basediya, S.S., Study of the Yield and Quality Characters of Different Onion Varieties for Crop Improvement Purposes, Int. J. Pure App. Biosci.7(3): 52-57 (2019). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.18782/2320-7051.7504




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