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Indian Journal of Pure & Applied Biosciences (IJPAB)
Year : 2020, Volume : 8, Issue : 6
First page : (12) Last page : (15)
Article doi: :

Different Techniques Used in the COVID-19 Vaccines Development in all Over the World - An Overview

Muhammad Sulaman Saeed1* , Ayesha Saeed2 and Jitendra Mehta3
1Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan
2Department of Botany, University of Education, Dera Ghazi Khan Campus,
Sub Campus of University of Education, Lahore, Pakistan
3Research Supervisor, Department of Biotechnology, Career Point University, Rajasthan, India
*Corresponding Author E-mail:
Received: 7.10.2020 | Revised: 16.11.2020 | Accepted: 24.11.2020 


Corona virus is a pneumonia like disease which spreads through RNA virus. In the world, there is an epidemic condition due to spread of this devastating virus. Globally, it has destroyed the world by human deaths. Due to its pandemic conditions, World Health Organization and other collaborative institutes have been focusing on the development of the vaccine against this novel COVID-19 disease. All countries are doing trials for the vaccine development. Different biopharmaceutical and biotechnological companies are using the viral genome and its structural parts as a research agents. World Health Organization has funded billions of dollars to the different companies to develop vaccines. Some companies are using this viral spike proteins as inactivated parts to enter into the host cell to induce the immunity. In some cases, adenovirus is used as a carrier to induce the immunity. This adenovirus normally causes the common cold but it was used as carrier. Other method is the usage of nanoparticles at the spikes of virus which makes the weakened form of RNA replication inside the cell but some are single dose but some are dose interval. Many companies are working on this but still only trials are going. Very soon, a proper vaccine will come in the market and will be served for human populations cure.

Keywords: Virus, Corona Virus, Vaccine, Companies, Viral parts, Injection.

Full Text : PDF; Journal doi :

Cite this article: Saeed, M. S., Saeed, A., & Mehta, J. (2020). Different Techniques Used in the COVID-19 Vaccines Development in all Over the World - An Overview, Ind. J. Pure App. Biosci. 8(6), 12-15. doi: