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Indian Journal of Pure & Applied Biosciences (IJPAB)
Year : 2021, Volume : 9, Issue : 4
First page : (8) Last page : (30)
Article doi: :

Mechanism of Heat Stress and their Management Strategies in Wheat

Ali Ammar, Muhammad Nouman Khalid*, Zaid Rasheed, Ifrah Amjad, Muhammad Hammad Bashir, Muhammad Qasim, Tayyaba Mahmood
Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan
*Corresponding Author E-mail:
Received: 15.06.2021 | Revised: 22.07.2021 | Accepted: 29.07.2021 



Cumulative heat with resulting alterations to weather unfavorably disturb plant development, resultant in disastrous damage in wheat output. With one degree increase in temperature, wheat growth is projected to decrease by 6%. Comprehensive summary of morpho-physiological replies to wheat for temperature pressure might assist expressing suitable approaches in temperature pressure wheat yield development. Moreover, penetrating to conceivable managing approaches might elevate output and sustainability of rising wheat. Main conclusions after this review is follows: (1) temperature pressure meaningfully decreases kernel sprouting and seedling development, turgidness of the cell, water use competence of the plant; (2) During cellular level, temperature pressure interrupts cellular purposes over making unnecessary sensitive oxygen types, foremost towards oxidative pressure; (3) main replies to wheat for temperature pressure comprise improvement to senescence of leaf, decrease in photosynthesis, defusing of enzymes of photosynthesis, production of oxidative losses to chloroplasts; (4) temperature pressure too decreases number of grains and size via upsetting ounce setting, translocation of integrates and period and development proportion of grains; (5) actual methods to manage temperature pressure in wheat comprise screening accessible germplasm beneath field hearings and/or retaining marker aided assortment, claim to external protectants for seeds or plants, mapping quantitative trait locus discussing temperature confrontation and breeding; (6) Well combined genetic and agronomical organization choice might improve wheat acceptance for temperature. Though, achievement to apply numerous methods for temperature pressure organization needs better understanding of temperature acceptance topographies, molecular cloning, and description of genes. General achievement to multifaceted plant temperature pressure administration depends on intensive exertions to crop modelers, molecular biologists, and plant physiologists.

Keywords: Germplasm, Temperature, Wheat, Crop

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Cite this article: Ammar, A., Khalid, M. N., Rasheed, Z., Amjad, I., Bashir, M. H., Qasim, M., & Mahmood, T. (2021). Mechanism of Heat Stress and their Management Strategies in Wheat, Ind. J. Pure App. Biosci. 9(4), 8-30. doi: